MAGELLAN’S CIRCUMNAVIGATION

7 Days

Trip Facts

  • 5 star executive suite
  • Bus, Taxi
  • Available
  • Suitable throughout the year
  • Breakfast and Dnner
  • English and local language
  • yes
  • 1-15

Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition marked the first successful circumnavigation of the globe. While Magellan himself did not complete the journey (he was killed in the Philippines), his fleet completed the circumnavigation, proving that the Earth is round and significantly expanding European knowledge of the world.

Overview

Magellan’s Circumnavigation, also known as the Magellan-Elcano Expedition, was a groundbreaking maritime journey that took place in the early 16th century. Led by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, the expedition aimed to find a westward route to the Spice Islands (Moluccas) and establish a sea passage to the lucrative spice trade. Here’s an overview of Magellan’s Circumnavigation:

Background:

  • Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, proposed the idea of sailing westward to reach the Spice Islands, avoiding the dangerous and time-consuming overland Silk Road routes.
  • Magellan secured the support of the Spanish crown, and in 1519, he set out on an expedition with a fleet of five ships.

Expedition Timeline and Route:

  • 1519: The expedition departed from Seville, Spain, in September, with a fleet that included the Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepción, Victoria, and Santiago.
  • 1520: The fleet entered the Atlantic Ocean, navigated through the treacherous waters of South America’s southern tip (later named the Strait of Magellan), and entered the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1521: The expedition reached the Philippines, where Magellan was killed in a skirmish with local tribes during an attempt to convert them to Christianity.
  • 1522: The expedition continued under the leadership of Juan Sebastián Elcano. The Victoria, the only surviving ship, sailed across the Indian Ocean and around the Cape of Good Hope, returning to Spain.
  • 1522 (September): The Victoria, commanded by Elcano, arrived back in Spain, completing the first documented circumnavigation of the Earth.

Significance:

  • The expedition proved that the Earth is round and demonstrated the vastness of the planet’s oceans.
  • It provided valuable navigational data and contributed to the development of maritime knowledge and cartography.
  • The successful completion of the voyage established a sea route to the Spice Islands, bypassing Portuguese-controlled trade routes and enhancing Spanish influence in the region.

Challenges and Achievements:

  • The expedition faced numerous challenges, including treacherous weather, mutinies, hostile encounters with indigenous peoples, and scarcity of supplies.
  • Despite these challenges, the expedition succeeded in crossing the Pacific Ocean, a feat that had never been accomplished before by Europeans.

Legacy:

  • Magellan’s Circumnavigation had a profound impact on maritime exploration, inspiring subsequent voyages of discovery and trade.
  • The expedition contributed to the Age of Exploration and furthered European understanding of the world’s geography.
  • The journey’s success marked a turning point in global trade and geopolitics, as Spain gained a significant foothold in the spice trade.

Contemporary Implications:

  • Magellan’s Circumnavigation is celebrated as a remarkable achievement in the history of exploration.
  • The expedition’s legacy continues to be studied in the context of European colonial expansion, cross-cultural interactions, and the exchange of goods and ideas between different parts of the world.

 

 

Trip Highlights

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Itinerary

The expedition departed from Seville, Spain, in September 1519, with a fleet of five ships: Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepción, Victoria, and Santiago.

The fleet sailed across the Atlantic Ocean and reached the southern tip of South America.
In October 1520, Magellan and his crew entered the treacherous waters of what would later be named the Strait of Magellan.

The expedition navigated through the narrow and challenging passage of the Strait of Magellan, enduring harsh weather and challenging conditions.

After successfully passing through the strait, the expedition entered the vast Pacific Ocean in November 1520.
The fleet faced severe hardships during the crossing, including food shortages and storms.

In March 1521, the fleet reached Guam and other Pacific islands.
They continued their westward journey, making stops at various islands in the Philippines.

In April 1521, Magellan was killed in a skirmish with local tribes during an attempt to convert them to Christianity.
Despite Magellan's death, the expedition continued under the leadership of Juan Sebastián Elcano.

The expedition finally reached the Moluccas, the coveted Spice Islands, in November 1521.
The fleet acquired valuable spices and established trade relations with the local populations.

The expedition left the Moluccas in December 1521, laden with spices.
The journey homeward took the fleet across the Indian Ocean.

The expedition rounded the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa.
The Victoria, the sole surviving ship, continued its journey back to Spain under the command of Juan Sebastián Elcano.
The Victoria arrived in Seville in September 1522, completing the first documented circumnavigation of the Earth.
It's important to note that the above itinerary provides a general overview of the expedition's route, and specific details may vary due to historical records and uncertainties. The journey was marked by challenges, including rough seas, mutinies, and encounters with indigenous peoples, making it one of the most remarkable feats of exploration in history.

Cost

The Trip Cost Includes

  • Pick-up or Drop-off service from and to Airport(in our own vehicle)
  • Transportation to and from!!
  • Food all along the trip(Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner and a cup of coffee or tea) and accommodations during the trip in hotels with family environment
  • Transportation, food, accommodation and insurance of Guide during the trip
  • Down jacket, all-season sleeping bag, duffel bag and trekking map(in case if you don’t have your own. Down jacket, sleeping bag and duffel bag must be returned after completion of the trip)
  • First Aid Medical Kit(Your guide will carry the Medical Kit but we also advise to bring yourself for your own use, as far as possible)
  • All the required permits and paperwork

The Trip Cost Excludes

  • International Airfare
  • Visa Charges
  • Hotel Expenses(In Kathmandu, some packages do include hotel expenses)
  • Your travel and medical insurance
  • Personal Expenses such as shopping, bar bills, hot shower, telephone, laundry, titbits etc
  • Food and accommodations in Kathmandu
  • Services not mentioned or not promised by the agent/agency
  • Emergency expenses such as expenses on chartered helicopter.

Frequently asked Questions

What was Magellan's Circumnavigation?

Magellan’s Circumnavigation, also known as the Magellan-Elcano Expedition, was a historic maritime journey led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. The expedition aimed to find a westward route to the Spice Islands (Moluccas) and involved sailing around the world to establish a sea passage to the lucrative spice trade.

When did Magellan's Circumnavigation take place?

Magellan’s Circumnavigation began in September 1519 when the expedition departed from Spain. The journey lasted for approximately three years, with the surviving ship, Victoria, returning to Spain in September 1522.

How many ships were part of the expedition?

The expedition initially consisted of five ships: Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepción, Victoria, and Santiago.

What was the significance of Magellan's Circumnavigation?

Magellan’s Circumnavigation was significant for several reasons. It demonstrated the Earth’s roundness, provided valuable navigational knowledge, and expanded European understanding of global geography. The successful completion of the voyage established a sea route to the Spice Islands, contributing to the Age of Exploration and enhancing Spanish influence in trade and exploration.

What challenges did the expedition face?

The expedition encountered numerous challenges, including treacherous weather, mutinies, hostile encounters with indigenous populations, and scarcity of supplies. The Pacific crossing, in particular, was marked by extreme hardships, including food shortages and storms.

What happened to Ferdinand Magellan during the journey?

Magellan was killed in a skirmish with local tribes in the Philippines in April 1521. His death marked a turning point in the expedition, and leadership passed to Juan Sebastián Elcano.

Who completed the circumnavigation after Magellan's death?

After Magellan’s death, Juan Sebastián Elcano took command of the expedition. He continued the journey, leading the surviving ship, Victoria, back to Spain.

Why is Juan Sebastián Elcano important in this expedition?

Juan Sebastián Elcano is significant for being the first person to complete a circumnavigation of the Earth. Under his leadership, the expedition successfully returned to Spain, proving that a continuous sea route around the world was possible.

How did Magellan's Circumnavigation impact later exploration and navigation?

Magellan’s Circumnavigation had a profound impact on subsequent exploration and navigation. It inspired other explorers to undertake ambitious journeys, contributed to the development of maritime knowledge and cartography, and expanded Europe’s global perspective and trade networks.

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Trip Facts

  • 5 star executive suite
  • Bus, Taxi
  • Available
  • Suitable throughout the year
  • English and local language
  • Breakfast and Dinner
  • yes
  • 1-15